As the saying goes: Abs are made in the kitchen. Of course, time in the gym helps, too. “I think nutrition for optimal performance and recovery has gained recent attention because some high-profile athletes have been public about their nutrition strategies. But the science behind this has been around for years,” says Cynthia Sass, MPH, a board-certified sports dietitian who has been a consultant to five professional teams and counsels professional athletes in her private practice.
Chef Lindsey Becker founded Tone House FUEL, a clean-eating program designed to help maximize recovery and boost results for people who work out at Tone House, an athletic-based group fitness studio in New York City. “A balanced, healthy diet with the right key nutrients can help your body become more efficient and enhance your athletic performance [in and out of the gym],” she says. “Consuming the necessary nutrients before and after exerting your body can help replenish energy stores, build muscle, decrease soreness, burn fat and repair damage or inflammation.”
Below Becker shares her tips for eating to get the most out of your workouts, with additional expert insights from Sass. Use their advice to ensure what you’re eating is supporting your exercise.
We often focus on calories, but nutrients also matter, Sass says. “Certain nutrients help your brain and muscles perform more efficiently, and others are crucial for recovering from the wear and tear exercise puts on your body,” she explains. The best macronutrients pre- and post-workout depend on the type of workout you’re doing, as well as the length and intensity.
“Eating the right foods will prevent you from crashing, boost your performance and help your muscles recover and grow stronger,” Becker says. “On the other hand, choosing the wrong foods could cause cramping, nausea, lack of energy and improper muscle recovery.”
Becker recommends beets, sweet potatoes, oats, spinach and eggs for their varied benefits. “Beets increase blood flow to working muscles, which can improve your workout and boost stamina, and are rich in antioxidants, which help fight the oxidative stress that can come with intense workouts,” she says.
She likes sweet potatoes for carbs, antioxidants and potassium; oats for steady energy and B vitamins, which help convert carbohydrates into energy; and spinach because a study found that it may help muscles use less oxygen, which improves muscle performance. And of course the incredible edible egg is a source of easily digestible protein to help rebuild muscles.
Aim to eat something that’s high in carbs, moderate in protein and low in fat, sugar and fiber 2–4 hours before a workout. Some macros aren’t ideal before the gym. “Eating too much protein or fat close to the start of a workout can lead to cramps or a brick sitting in your stomach because protein and fat take longer to digest,” Sass says. “Also, the goal of a pre-workout snack is to fuel the workout. If the food is trapped in the digestive system, it’s not available to working muscles when they need it.”
That’s why carbs are great — they’re generally easy to digest and provide readily available, easily burned fuel. Becker recommends oatmeal with a sprinkling of hemp seeds (for protein) and sliced banana or a smoothie.
Sass recommends eating 30–60 minutes after a particularly tough workout. However, although improper recovery can make you go into your next workout weaker and increase the risk of injury, you only need to refuel within an hour after hard-core workouts. This isn’t so crucial after a walk or moderate-intensity group fitness class, particularly if you’ll be eating a meal soon after, Sass says.
“Consuming the necessary nutrients after exerting your body can help replenish energy stores, build muscle, decrease soreness, burn fat and repair any damage or inflammation,” Becker says.
Good advice for anyone, this is even more important for active people because “nutrients are key to performance and recovery, and unprocessed foods are naturally nutrient-rich,” Sass says.
Becker and Sass agree that refined sugars have zero nutritional benefit and fried and greasy foods can be difficult to digest and cause cramping during a workout. So skip that leftover pizza before your morning indoor cycling class.
Great as they are, you shouldn’t only consume these five foods. “Eat them strategically,” Sass recommends. For example, fuel up with oatmeal, sweet potato, beets or green juices pre-workout, and enjoy eggs with veggies and avocado after a morning workout.
GEAR UP FOR YOUR NEXT WORKOUT
Questions You Need to Ask About Cochlear Implants
Cochlear implants have several advantages. First of all, it can restore hearing. In addition to providing relief from hearing loss, cochlear implants can also help a person learn to interpret sounds produced by the device. Moreover, the procedure can be paired with hearing aids. If you are considering this option, here are some questions you need to ask yourself. Read on to find out! Listed below are some pros and cons of cochlear implants.
Cost of cochlear implant surgery
Medicare covers a portion of the cost of cochlear implant surgery and related services, but not the entire expense. You will need to verify that your insurance covers the procedure. Medicare can be challenging to deal with, especially when you're seeking reimbursement for the entire procedure. The hearing healthcare staff at Hearing Health Associates will help you determine whether you are eligible to receive this coverage. Once you've been approved, your hearing healthcare provider can file your claim.
During the procedure, you'll be given general anaesthesia, and the surgeon will shave the hair behind your ear where the implant will be placed. The surgeon will then make a small incision in the skin behind your ear and make a tiny “seat” in the bone behind it. Once the implant is in place, the doctor will insert the electrodes through a small hole in the cochlea. Once the incision has healed, the implant will be turned on.
Safety of surgical implantations
While surgical implantations for cochlear implant are becoming increasingly common, their risks are still significant. While MRIs are considered safe, they can dislodge the implant or damage its internal magnet. Some hearing implants are approved for MRI studies under carefully controlled conditions. Because cochlear implants rely on batteries to provide hearing, they are highly susceptible to damage in contact sports, automobile accidents, slips and falls, and other impacts near the ear. In such instances, the implant may have to be replaced or the faulty part may need to be repaired.
The study also examined the incidence of surgical complications, which ranged from minor to major. Minor complication rates were relatively low and did not differ significantly from the rates reported in the literature. Major complication rates were higher than minor complications, and two cases required surgical revision. In total, 206 children underwent the surgery. The rates of major complication were lower in children than in adults.
Cost of hearing aids paired with cochlear implants
Hearing aids are small, removable devices that amplify sound for people with residual hearing. Today's devices are packed with sophisticated digital technology and allow users to tailor the sounds they hear to match their personal preferences. Hearing aids can be costly and can vary considerably in price depending on their features and style. To choose the right hearing aid for your needs, consider visiting a hearing specialist who can demonstrate different models and arrange for a trial period.
Cochlear implants can cost anywhere from $25,000 to $50,000. The cost of the surgery varies depending on the type of implant and the hospital. The cost of the procedure depends on various factors, including the hospital, anaesthetist, and the location of the implant. However, if you are eligible for a hearing aid plan, the costs should be covered by your health insurance.
Learning to interpret sounds created by cochlear implants
As the ability to hear and understand speech has improved, attention has shifted to the perception of other sounds, including environmental ones. As a result, more research is being conducted to understand how cochlear implant users perceive different sounds. The first report examining this question was made by Reed and Delhorne, who found a significant correlation between environmental sound recognition and word recognition. This correlation was most pronounced in sounds that were similar in their temporal envelopes, which may indicate that the cochlear implants can increase word recognition.
The external part of a cochlear implant consists of a microphone and a speech processor. These two components communicate with one another through a wire. A small speaker or microphone attached to the microphone picks up the sounds that travel down the ear canal and into the inner ear. The inner ear contains tiny hair cells that convert sound waves into electrical signals and transmit them to the brain. In the case of cochlear implant users, the hair cells are not able to function properly. Thus, the implanted devices bypass this part of the body and send signals to the brain.
Types of Kids Hearing Aids
There are many different types of hearing aids available for children, from the Sensei family to Cochlear implants. These are worn in the outer ear and typically extend into the lower bowl. Some models fit the entire canal. Unlike traditional hearing aids, kids hearing devices are not made to fit the ear mold of a newborn. Typically, a child is fit with a hearing aid as he grows older. As with any other medical procedure, fine-tuning and adjustments can be made to the device's settings.
The Sensei family of hearing aids for kids features advanced technology. Sensei is shock, water, and dust resistant, and is hypoallergenic. Its waterproof and dust-resistant design prevents accidental swallowing of hearing aid batteries. In addition, it features a tamper-resistant battery door. Sensei SP is also equipped with a visual status indicator that shows battery life and hearing aid function. And it can even stream audio from different devices.
It also includes a feature known as the SmartFit Trainer. It lets parents monitor the fit of their child's hearing aid earmold and allows them to reposition it if necessary. Children's ears are not fully developed until they reach the age of 10 years old. This technology also helps them hear better in noisy environments. It makes it easy for parents to monitor and adjust their child's hearing aids while at home or in school.
Children who receive cochlear implants are often able to speak as well as their hearing counterparts. After about three years, however, these children still exhibit gaps in their speech. Fortunately, there are several advantages of cochlear implants for kids. Read on to learn more about this advanced treatment option. The sooner the procedure is undertaken, the better. Children with hearing loss can also benefit from other types of therapies, such as speech therapy.
Children with hearing loss may be candidates for cochlear implants, but their age must be considered first. Depending on the severity of the hearing loss, the device may not be appropriate for a child younger than 12 months. Children with severe hearing loss should undergo surgery only if the hearing aids they are wearing aren't enough to improve their hearing. In addition to the surgical process, children must attend a specialized program that helps them learn how to process sound with the implant.
The Starkey hearing aid for kids is a versatile hearing device that can fit any child's unique needs. Its kid-friendly features and colors make it a fun option for kids. Its BluWave 3.0 operating system balances ambient noise for a comfortable listening experience. The hearing aid is tamper-proof and resistant to water and debris. The Dynamic Direct Audio Input provides kids with extra directional processing power, which makes it a great option for academic use.
The Center for Hearing Loss in Children is one of five national research centers supported by the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders. The Center for Hearing Loss in Children offers helpful resources and information about hearing loss and kids' hearing aids. Parents can apply for financial assistance through the Starkey Hearing Foundation, which provides hearing aids for children with severe hearing loss or other deafness. Children with hearing problems are eligible to apply for the Starkey program if they are a permanent U.S. resident.
If you're looking for a good set of hearing aids for your kid, you may want to consider signing them up for a Siemens program. These are some of the more expensive types of hearing aids available, but they're still worth considering. Plus, these systems can be purchased directly from an audiologist. You can find some great deals on these hearing aids by going through your local audiologist's office, or you can search online for the best deals.
You can find pediatric hearing aids from Siemens, including the Pure and Motion models, which offer direct audio input. These models help your child hear a full range of sound, making speech recognition easier and less frustrating. Plus, they're discreet, which means they won't be noticeable in your child's ears. Moreover, your kid won't even realize they're wearing them. And, since they're made especially for kids, you can trust that your child will love them.
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In Training, Consistency Is the Key to Your Fitness Goals
Consistency is arguably the most important component when working to accomplish goals, in or out of the gym. Without consistency, programs are unorganized, the body has a harder time adapting, and forming habits may be more challenging.
Build and Follow Workout Programming
Whatever your goals may be, they require a consistent level of training for you to reach them. One way to ensure consistency within the scope of your goals is to build a program. Programs make it much easier to stay on track because you won’t have to think about what you’re going to do at the gym today—it’s already written out. Most programs are designed to be followed for a set amount of time, typically about 4 weeks. Depending on the desired goal, the program will have a different focus—hypertrophy, endurance, strength, and so on. Each day is designed with the goal in mind, while ensuring that you are training in a way that minimizes imbalances within the body. If you aren’t following the program consistently, the chance of it working is reduced.
Theoretically, if you have a program and you don’t follow it, the body is not going to be able to adapt to the program because there isn’t an opportunity for progressive overload, which is when the amount of stress on the body is gradually increased over time, leading to increased strength and performance.
Work Toward Adaptations
Biologically, a lot of things happen in the body during exercise. Over time these reactions change the body to become stronger, grow, or run more efficiently. Different factors affect adaptations in everyone, so it’s impossible to predict when these changes will occur. But being consistent with training will increase the likelihood of seeing adaptations sooner.
Different modes of exercise elicit different adaptations. Endurance training will produce different changes than resistance training. While there are far too many adaptations to discuss in this blog, a few examples reported by the CDC include the following:
Improved ability of muscles to use fat as energy Stronger ligaments and tendons Increased VO2 max and lactate threshold Increased number of capillaries in muscles Cardiac muscle hypertrophy Increased force production
Each of these changes is beneficial for different scenarios. The body is either becoming more efficient or stronger, or performance is enhanced. However, these long-term benefits are seen only after consistent training over a period of time.
We are creatures of habit. The more we practice something, the more natural it becomes. We experience this when we learn to walk as babies, when we learn to drive, and when we exercise. It’s normal to feel out of your element when you try something new, but the more you do it, the more comfortable you feel.
Current research suggests that to make a habit stick it must be performed for 68 consecutive days. The idea of sticking with something brand new for 68 days may feel overwhelming for some people. When taking on a new challenge, focusing on taking it day by day might be a helpful mindset. Yes, we might be aiming to create a lifelong habit; however, thinking about just starting a habit to last for years could seem daunting. Start by doing it for one day, and then two, and then three, and so on.
Once you feel comfortable with one small change, add another small change, and so on. Small changes are more sustainable over the long term and add up to form new habits. There will likely be days that your plan doesn’t work out how it was supposed to, but that doesn’t mean all progress is lost.
Our bodies adapt gradually to exercise. In the end, consistency will help you reach your goals. Without it, you might not have enough structure to allow for growth. Work first on figuring out your goals, determine the best route to achieve them, and get started with one step. If you’re not sure how to get started, the trainers at NIFS can help you set goals and develop programs tailored to those goals.
This blog was written by Hannah Peters, BS, CPT, Health Fitness Instructor. To learn more about the NIFS bloggers, click here.
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